Party History
Key:
Independent
Federalist
Dem-Rep
Whig
Know Nothing
Democratic
Republican

 

Con Year President House Senate
1 1789 George
Washington
Frederick
Muhlenberg
John
Adams
1790
2 1791 Jonathan
Trumbull Jr
1792
3 1793 Frederick
Muhlenberg
1794
4 1795 Jonathan
Dayton
1796
5 1797 John
Adams
Thomas
Jefferson
1798
6 1799 Theodore
Sedgwick
1800
7 1801 Thomas
Jefferson
Nathaniel
Macon
Aaron
Burr
1802
8 1803
1804
9 1805 George
Clinton
1806
10 1807 Joseph
Bradley
Varnum
1808
11 1809 James
Madison
1810
12 1811 Henry
Clay
1812
13 1813 Elbridge
Gerry
1814
14 1815 Vacant
1816
15 1817 James
Monroe
Daniel D.
Thompkins
1818
16 1819
1820
17 1821 Philip P.
Barbour
1822
18 1823 Henry
Clay
1824
19 1825 John Quincy
Adams
John W.
Taylor
John C.
Calhoun
1826
20 1827 Andrew
Stevenson
1828
21 1829 Andrew
Jackson
1830
22 1831
1832
23 1833 Martin
Van Buren
1834
24 1835 James K.
Polk
1836
25 1837 Martin
Van Buren
Richard M.
Johnson
1838
26 1839 Robert M.T.
Hunter
1840
27 1841 Willam
Harrison †
John
White
Vacant
1842 John
Tyler
28 1843 John W.
Jones
1844
Con Year President House Senate
29 1845 James K.
Polk
John W.
Davis
George M.
Dallas
1846
30 1847 Robert C.
Winthrop
1848
31 1849 Zachary
Taylor †
Howell
Cobb
Millard
Fillmore
1850
32 1851 Millard
Fillmore
Linn
Boyd
Vacant
1852
33 1853 Franklin
Pierce
William R.
King
1854
34 1855 Nathaniel P.
Banks
Vacant
1856
35 1857 James
Buchanan
James L.
Orr
John C.
Breckinridge
1858
36 1859 William
Pennington
1860
37 1861 Abraham
Lincoln
Galusha A.
Grow
Hannibal
Hamlin
1862
38 1863 Schuyler
Colfax
1864
39 1865 Andrew
Johnson
Vacant
1866
40 1867
1868
41 1869 Ulysses S.
Grant
James G.
Blaine
Schuyler
Colfax
1870
42 1871
1872
43 1873 Henry
Wilson
1874
44 1875 Michael C.
Kerr †
1876 Vacant
45 1877 Rutherford B.
Hayes
Samuel J.
Randall
William A.
Wheeler
1878
46 1879
1880
47 1881 Chester A.
Arthur
J. Warren
Keifer
Vacant
1882
48 1883 John G.
Carlisle
1884
49 1885 Grover
Cleveland
Thomas A.
Hendricks
1886 Vacant
50 1887
1888
Con Year President House Senate
51 1889 Benjamin
Harrison
Thomas B.
Reed
Levi P.
Morton
1890
52 1891 Charles F.
Crisp
1892
53 1893 Grover
Cleveland
Adlai E.
Stevenson
1894
54 1895 Thomas B.
Reed
1896
55 1897 William
McKinley †
Garret
Hobart †
1898
56 1899 David B.
Henderson
1900 Vacant
57 1901 Theodore
Roosevelt
1902
58 1903 Joseph G.
Cannon
1904
59 1905 Charles W.
Fairbanks
1906
60 1907
1908
61 1909 William
Howard
Taft
James S.
Sherman
1910
62 1911 Champ
Clark
1912
63 1913 Woodrow
Wilson
Thomas R.
Marshall
1914
64 1915 Claude
Kitchin
1916
65 1917 Henry
Cabot
Lodge
1918
66 1919 Frederick
Gillett
1920
67 1921 Warren
Harding †
1922
68 1923 Calvin
Coolidge
Charles
Curtis
1924
69 1925 Nicholas
Longworth
1926
70 1927
1928
71 1929 Herbert
Hoover
James Eli
Watson
1930
72 1931 John N.
Garner
1932
Con Year President House Senate
73 1933 Franklin D.
Roosevelt
Henry T.
Rainey
Joseph
Robinson
1934
74 1935 Jo
Byrns
1936
75 1937 William
Bankhead
Alben W.
Barkley
1938
76 1939
1940
77 1941 Sam
Rayburn
1942
78 1943
1944
79 1945
1946 Harry S.
Truman
80 1947 Joseph W.
Martin
Wallace H.
White Jr
1948
81 1949 Sam
Rayburn
Scott W.
Lucas
1950
82 1951 Ernest
McFarland
1952
83 1953 Dwight D.
Eisenhower
Joseph W.
Martin
Robert A.
Taft
1954
84 1955 Sam
Rayburn
Lyndon
Johnson
1956
85 1957
1958
86 1959
1960
87 1961 John F.
Kennedy
Mike
Mansfield
1962 John
McCormack
88 1963
1964 Lyndon B.
Johnson
89 1965
1966
90 1967
1968
91 1969 Richard
Nixon
1970
92 1971 Carl
Albert
1972
93 1973
1974
94 1975 Gerald
Ford
1976
Con Year President House Senate
95 1977 Jimmy
Carter
Tip
O'Neill
Robert
Byrd
1978
96 1979
1980
97 1981 Ronald
Reagan
Howard
Baker
1982
98 1983
1984
99 1985 Bob
Dole
1986
100 1987 Jim
Wright
Robert
Byrd
1988
101 1989 George H.W.
Bush
George J.
Mitchell
1990
102 1991 Tom
Foley
1992
103 1993 Bill
Clinton
1994
104 1995 Newt
Gingrich
Bob
Dole
1996
105 1997 Trent
Lott
1998
106 1999 Dennis
Hastert
2000
107 2001 George W.
Bush
Tom
Daschle
2002
108 2003 Bill
Frist
2004
109 2005
2006
110 2007 Nancy
Pelosi
Harry
Reid
2008
111 2009 Barak
Obama
2010
112 2011 John
Boehner
2012
113 2013
2014
114 2015 Mitch
McConnell
2016
115 2017 Donald
Trump
Paul
Ryan
2018
116 2019 Nancy
Pelosi
Con Year President House Senate

Notes

  1. The Con column is short for Congress. When the country was founded, the first Congress was 1. Every two years, the Congress number increments.
  2. In the Year column, a blue background means the Democratic Party had a filibuster-proof majority in the Senate that year. A pink background means that there was a filibuster-proof majority during a portion of that year. No other party has had filibuster-proof majorities.
  3. Except for the Year column, all text in the table are links to additional detail. When you move your mouse pointer over this text, you'll see the telltale underline, indicating a link.
  4. Starting in 1933, presidential inaugurations are held on January 20 at noon. Prior to that, inaugurations were held on March 4. For simplicity, the Year column in the table doesn't consider these days. For example, Barak Obama's presidency is shown as 2009-2016 even though it also includes twenty days in 2017.
  5. The symbol means died in office while holding the position indicated in the table.
  6. Beginning with the 74th Congress, the new Congress begins on January 3 at noon of the odd-numbered year. Prior to this, the new Congress started on March 4th. For simplicity, the Year column in the table doesn't consider these days. For example, the 115th Congress is shown as 2017-2018 even though it also includes three days in 2019.
  7. For the 107th Congress, the Republicans had the majority in the Senate up until June 6, 2001. The Democrats had the majority for the remainder of the term.
  8. This table is not the output of a spreadsheet program. It's lovingly hand-crafted HTML5/CSS3.

References

Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution

U.S. Senate Filibuster and Cloture

 

Copyright © 2019 by ALC Press

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