Cuba by the Numbers

by Ed Sawicki - March 21, 2016

Cuba map

President Obama's visit to Cuba is long overdue. We should have reconciled with Cuba immediately after Russia pulled out of there in the early 1990s. We didn't because the Cuban community in Miami is powerful politically and they didn't want reconcilliation as long as the Castros were still in power.

Since Cuba has been isolated from the U.S. for over 50 years, here's a table of data to get you up to speed. I'll be adding data here as well as commentary as I find it.

 U.S.Cuba
Population 318.9 million 11.27 million
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $17.42 Trillion $78.69 Billion
GDP growth 2.0% 4.7 %
Public debt
(% of GDP)
104.5% 35.3%
Inflation 0% 4.4%
Percentage of population living
below poverty line
15.1% 1.5%
Moody's credit rating Stable Positive
Global Peace Index
(lower number is more peaceful)
94 82
Human Development Index
(higher number is better)
0.915 0.769
Unemployment 4.9% 3.8%
Life expectancy
(average of male and female)
78 79
Suicide rate 12.1 11.4
Infant Mortality Rate
(deaths per 1000 births)
5.87 4.63
Health Care Cost
(% of GDP)
16% 7.3%
Number of doctors
per 1000 people
2.5 6.72
Military spending
(% of GDP)
3.5% 3.5%
Guns per 100 people 112.6 2.0
Gun deaths per 100,000
(annually)
10.54 under 0.1
Military service volunteer 2 years